Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning are revolutionizing how we live our lives. From autonomous driving to medical diagnosis, these new innovations are revolutionizing how we engage with technology.
AI technology has been around for some time, but its rapid advancement is truly extraordinary. This marks a major paradigm shift that will eclipse all previous advances combined.
1. Deep Learning
The latest developments in AI and machine learning revolve around deep learning algorithms. They’re used for a variety of applications such as driverless cars, digital assistants like Siri or Cortana, speech recognition, and machine translation.
Deep Learning is a type of machine learning model based on artificial neural networks that replicate the way our brains process information. It offers numerous advantages over more traditional machine learning models.
One advantage of deep learning algorithms is they require much less human intervention than basic machine learning models. For instance, if an algorithm wants to identify the STOP sign on a Tesla vehicle, it would automatically extract relevant features from the image, sort the results and determine whether the prediction is accurate or not without human input.
An additional advantage of deep learning is its capacity for training on large data sets. Unfortunately, these sources can be costly and time-consuming to acquire.
2. Artificial Neural Networks
AI and machine learning have seen major advances with Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). This type of deep learning technology consists of thousands or even millions of simple processing nodes that are tightly interconnected.
Automated Neural Networks (ANNs) replicate the way neurons in the human brain process information. Each node receives data from other nodes and performs mathematical computations based on that information.
To train an Artificial Neural Network (ANN), the network is fed a vast amount of data. For instance, if it is trying to recognize cat faces in images, 19 million photos would be shown to it.
Once trained, the system would learn which pictures depict felines and which do not. With practice, an artificial neural network (ANN) should be able to accurately recognize cat images with low error rates.
3. Machine Learning Models
Recent advances in AI and machine learning enable computers to analyze data without being explicitly programmed to do so, making them a powerful asset for businesses looking to enhance decision-making processes and operational efficiencies.
For health & life sciences professionals, machine learning (ML) can assist medical experts in spotting potential red flags and optimizing treatment outcomes. Retailers similarly benefit from ML models which suggest items based on past purchases.
Government agencies such as public safety and utilities are increasingly in need of machine learning (ML) technology to mine sensor data for valuable insights that can save money and speed up response times. These examples highlight how AI is revolutionizing how we work and communicate.
Statistic models attempt to fit theoretical distributions to data that is well understood, while machine learning models attempt to learn new structures from the data they encounter – this process is known as reinforcement learning.
4. Artificial Intelligence Hardware
AI and machine learning are among the latest breakthroughs in computer technology. Chip manufacturers are making adjustments to meet the growing need for faster, more accurate data processing.
AI’s primary challenge lies in minimizing energy consumption due to data movement between CPU and memory. To this end, many companies are exploring alternative chip designs as well as in-memory computing solutions.
Some are positioning small arithmetic units near memory to reduce time spent moving data around, thus increasing calculation speed significantly.
These are also known as in-memory cores, and they allow for storage of AI models that can then be loaded onto either CPU or GPU without having to transfer any data.
Some models are being created to be installed at the point of use, such as in phones or home automation systems. This can offer faster training and lower power consumption.